Although only national governments are directly involved in the negotiations, COP 21 has provided many opportunities to showcase the contributions of „non-state actors” to global climate efforts. The strong presentation of commitments made by cities, sub-national governments and businesses at the New York climate summit in September 2014 led to the implementation of the Lima-Paris action agenda at COP 20 and the online portal „Non-State Actor Zone for Climate Action” (NAZCA), which allows non-state actors to register their commitments. Until Paris, the portal listed nearly 11,000 commitments from 2,250 cities, 22,025 companies and hundreds of states/regions, investors and civil society organizations. Unprecedented action and support at all levels of society have been widely recognized as an important factor in the success of Paris. Governments and stakeholders are working to strengthen non-governmental contributions to the UNFCCC. Finally, instead of giving China and India a passport to pollution, as Trump asserts, the pact is the first time these two major developing countries have agreed on concrete and ambitious climate commitments. The two countries, which are already poised to be world leaders in renewable energy, have made considerable progress in achieving their Paris goals. And since Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the agreement, the Chinese and Indian leaders have reaffirmed their commitment and continued to implement domestic policies to achieve their goals. Since Trump`s announcement, U.S. envoys – as well as on behalf – have continued to participate in U.N. climate negotiations to shore up the details of the agreement.
Meanwhile, thousands of heads of state and government have intervened across the country to fill the void created by the lack of federal climate leadership, reflecting the will of the vast majority of Americans who support the Paris agreement. City and state officials, business leaders, universities and individuals included a base amount to participate in initiatives such as America`s Pledge, the United States Climate Alliance, We Are Still In and the American Cities Climate Challenge. Complementary and sometimes overlapping movements aim to deepen and accelerate efforts to combat climate change at the local, regional and national levels.