A fundamental principle for New Zealand is that any outcome in terms of services and investment must protect our government`s right to regulate for legitimate public policy purposes. Free trade agreements can facilitate visa access for New Zealand businessmen and our trading partners, which supports the development of our trade and economic relationships. The second way of looking at free trade agreements as public goods is related to the growing trend that they are „deeper”. The depth of a free trade agreement relates to the additional types of structural policies it covers. While older trade agreements are considered more „flat” because they cover fewer areas (for example. B tariffs and quotas), recent agreements cover a number of other areas, ranging from e-commerce services and data relocation. Since transactions between parties to a free trade agreement are relatively cheaper than those with non-parties, free trade agreements are considered excluded. Now that deep trade agreements will improve the harmonization of legislation and increase trade flows with non-parties, thereby reducing the exclusivity of free trade agreements, next-generation free trade agreements will take on essential characteristics for public goods.  New Zealand is working to introduce mechanisms to improve communication and consultation for an objective and scientific solution to access to trade issues, which allow us to take the necessary measures to protect the lives or health of our human beings, animals and plants, unless such measures are contrary to the WTO agreement on the application of health and plant health measures.
This view became popular for the first time in 1817 by the economist David Ricardo in his book On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. He argued that free trade expands diversity and reduces the prices of goods available in a nation, while making better use of its own specialized resources, knowledge and skills. In general, trade diversion means that a free trade agreement would divert trade from more efficient suppliers outside the region to less efficient areas. Whereas the creation of trade implies the creation of a free trade area that might not otherwise have existed. In any case, the creation of trade will increase a country`s national well-being.  Definisi MELANSIR laman resmi Kementerian Perdagangan Republic Indonesia perjanjian perdagangan bebas (Free Trade Agreement/FTA) adalah perjanjian di antara dua negara atau lebih untuk membentuk wilayah perdagangan bebas. A free trade agreement is an agreement between two or more countries in which countries agree on certain obligations that affect trade in goods and services as well as the protection of investors and intellectual property rights. For the United States, the primary objective of trade agreements is to remove barriers to U.S. exports, protect U.S. interests abroad, and improve the rule of law in partner countries or countries of the free trade agreement.
The United States currently has 14 free trade agreements with 20 countries. Free trade agreements can help your business enter and compete more easily in the global marketplace through zero or reduced tariffs and other provisions. Although the specifics of each free trade agreement are different, they generally provide for the removal of trade barriers and the creation of a more stable and transparent trade and investment environment.